Why is My Nose Bleeding?
Nosebleeds are incredibly common. They can be caused by anything from a child putting a small object in his nose to a change in humidity. While nosebleeds are a common occurrence, are they ever a sign of a more dangerous medical condition? Today we’ll cover everything you need to know about nosebleeds.
Your nose plays a critical role in your ability to function. It is the primary passage for air to get in and out of your body. Even when it seems like you’re breathing through your mouth, like during strenuous exercise, often times there is still air going into and out of your nose. With this much air passing through your nose, environmental factors can play a major role in how hard your nose needs to work.
Your nose is not just a passageway for air, but it also cleans the air, adds humidity to it, and helps bring it to body temperature. Have you noticed that when you breathe through your mouth for a while, your throat can feel dry? One reason for this is that breathing through your mouth does not allow that air to be humidified, the way it would be in the nose.
Since your nose is so busy working to pass clean, humidified air into your lungs, environmental factors can play a major role in aggravating the nose. In fact, dry air is the most common cause of a bloody nose. As you continuously breath in dry air, your nose tries to humidify it. But this dries out the delicate interior of the nose which can lead to cracking…. and then a nosebleed.
People who have allergies may suffer with environmentally-caused nosebleeds frequently. Treatments like immunotherapy can help substantially. If your nosebleeds are accompanied by symptoms like runny eyes and a cough, allergies are likely to blame.
A deviated septum is a medical condition where your septum (the tissue in your nose that separates your nostrils) is not straight. Many people have a slightly crooked septum, but if yours is substantially crooked, this can lead to symptoms like trouble breathing, facial pain, and nose bleeds. If you have both nose bleeds and sinusitis, trouble sleeping because of breathing issues, or facial pain, then a deviated septum may be the cause. We can repair a deviated septum with a safe and effective surgical procedure.
Turbinate hypertrophy is a condition where someone has enlarged turbinates (small structures within the nose that clean and filter air as you breathe). Turbinates are tiny spongy bones on both sides of the nose which change in size, especially when you lie down and blood collects in the blood vessels. People who have turbinate hypertrophy often experience nasal congestion, trouble breathing at night, and nosebleeds. Enlarged turbinates can be treated either medically or surgically, which can alleviate not only nosebleeds but the other symptoms as well.
More dangerous causes of nosebleeds
While the majority of nosebleeds are not cause for major alarm, there can be some more serious health issues associated with nosebleeds. These include nasal or sinus tumors, or blood clotting disorders like hemophilia. It is unlikely that your nosebleed is a sign of a serious medical condition, however it is important to see a doctor right away if you lose an excessive amount of blood or have a nosebleed that lasts for more than 30 minutes. If you are worried about the cause of your nosebleeds, please get in touch with us.
Most nosebleeds can be tied to environmental causes, allergies, or conditions like a deviated septum. If you suffer with nosebleeds – especially if they are accompanied by frustrating issues like trouble sleeping or itchy eyes – an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) physician at West Medical can give you an accurate diagnosis and treatment options. If you have nosebleeds or other nasal problems, give us a call at (855) 690-0565.