Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer, and the second leading cause of death due to cancer in American men. Eighty percent of men who live to be 80 or older have prostate cancer. Most men who have prostate cancer show no symptoms and live with it for years without it being detected.
Although most people have heard of the prostate, many don’t know where it is or what it does. The prostate is a male sex gland that is walnut-shaped and is located behind the pubic bone and just in front of the rectum. It is just below the bladder, and surrounds part of the urethra. Its purpose is to produce semen (the milky fluid that nourishes and transports sperm) and to expel it during ejaculation.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of prostate cancer are not detectable by the patient in its early stages. Later, patients may notice the need to urinate more often, or experience difficulty or pain urinating. Men may also experience painful ejaculation, blood in urine or semen, and aching of the back, hips or legs.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
Risk factors for prostate cancer are still unknown, other than men over age 65 are most commonly affected, and those with a family history are more susceptible.
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Diagnosis of prostate cancer is usually done through a Digital Rectal Exam, and a blood test that measure the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The Digital Rectal Exam involves a doctor inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to examine the prostate and to check for abnormalities in texture, shape and size. If the doctor finds abnormally high levels of PSA and abnormalities during the DRE, ultrasound may be recommended to take pictures of the prostate. A sample of prostate tissue may also be taken and biopsied to analyze whether malignant cells are present.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Treatment of prostate cancer may include prostate removal surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.
Prostate cancer is a condition that requires proper diagnosis and treatment. Don't spend another minute without treatment. West Medical is happy to provide minimally invasive procedures with successful results. Looking for a Los Angeles Urologist? Please Call West Medical at (855) 690-0565 to set up an appointment with a Board-Certified Urologist!
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