The testicles are the two male sex glands located inside the scrotum underneath the penis, responsible for testosterone and sperm production. Testicular cancer involves malignant cells developing in the testicular tissues, and is most common in men aged 20 to 35. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American men between the ages of 15 and 34, and is highly treatable and can be cured in most cases. Men are highly encouraged to do routine self-exams to identify growths early, as early detection offers the best chance of successful treatment.
Testicular Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A lump in either testicle (usually only one testicle is affected; tumors found in both testicles is very rare).
- A heavy feeling in the scrotum.
- An ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
- Pain, aching or discomfort in the scrotum.
Risk factors for testicular cancer include:
- Having an undescended testicle, even if it has been surgically moved into the scrotum.
- Abnormal testicles due to Klinefelter’s syndrome or other conditions.
- Family history.
- Age (younger men have an increased risk).
- White men are more commonly affected than other races.
Testicular Cancer Diagnosis
Diagnosis of testicular cancer often begins when the patient notices an abnormality in his testicles, which your doctor can confirm with an ultrasound or blood test. To do a self-exam, the best time is after having a bath or shower, as the heat from the water relaxes the scrotum and makes it easier to find anything unusual. To do the examination, stand in front of a mirror and look for any swelling, and examine each testicle. Gently roll each testicle between the thumb and fingers. Remember that the testicles are usually smooth, firm and it’s normal for one to be larger than the other. If you find a lump, make sure to see a doctor to be diagnosed.
Testicular Cancer Treatment
Treatment of testicular cancer involves surgical removal of the affected testicle, and is the primary treatment for all stages and types of testicular cancer. Surgery is often the only treatment necessary for early stage testicular cancer. After surgery, your doctor will have you submit to routine blood tests and CT scans to check if the cancer has spread. Radiation and chemotherapy may be used for individuals with certain types of cancer to kill cancer cells.
Testicular cancer requires a thorough examination and diagnosis. West Medical is here to help you every step of the way; from diagnosis to treatment and therapy thereafter, we're right by your side. For more information regarding Los Angeles testicular cancer treatment, please call West Medical at (855) 690-0565.
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